As explained so pithily on Wikipedia, the Deep Web represents “the parts of the internet that cannot be indexed by traditional search engines.” Spot on!
They don’t have regular URLs; their URLs consist of 16 alpha-numeric characters followed by .onion. Basically, something like this: http://76qugh5bey5gum7l.onion. Each Deep Web page looks exactly like any other regular page, except that they don’t belong to DNS root system; so in order to access Deep Web you need to equip yourself with certain tools.
In most cases, just Tor browser will suffice since it allows hidden services necessary to access Deep Web. However, if you want to stay safe in the realm of Deep Web, you’ll need a couple of more tools:
VPN stands for Virtual Private Network and provides the user with anonymity to a certain extent. When using the regular internet, without VPN, you connect directly to the desired page and your IP address is visible to the webpage you are visiting and to anyone who has access to the server where it’s hosted. But, if you download a piece of software called VPN, like IPVanish or any of the bunch, you will not be connected directly to the webpage you are visiting, but to the VPN’s router, which will later connect to your desired webpage. That way the desired webpage will not be able to see your IP address, but that of the VPN’s server.
You can even increase your security by opting for VPN that doesn’t keep logs of user’s activity on the web.
You can see a list of the best VPNs here https://alphabaymarket.com/BestVPNs
Tor stands for The Onion Router. It is a large router network which, just like VPN, stands between you and the desired webpage. But, not only that, Tor also uses mathematical cryptography to encrypt the data package which is being sent from your computer to the receiver, in this case – the desired website, and it does that in through several layers. This way, not only that your IP address is protected but the entire message as well. Tor Network is a primary tool for providing privacy, not only to people browsing the internet but to the admins and hosts as well, and Deep Web can be accessed only by using Tor.
Tor can be downloaded from Tor’s official website. It is completely free, runs on several platforms, and doesn’t require installation; you simple extract the bundle.
To enter the Deep Web realm simply start Tor browser and paste your desired Deep Web address in. Keep in mind that Tor is performing the best when java script and flash player is stopped – those services mostly don’t use Tor network, they simply skip it and your IP address can be compromised.
PGP stands for Pretty Good Privacy. That’s a piece of software developed for the purpose of providing good, fast and accessible encryption to anyone who needs it. It is developed by the Phil Zimmermann in 1991. Since its creation, it has become an industry standard for encryption purposes and is used by many software development companies as a go-to encryption program. What made PGP so popular on the market is the fact that it managed to combine high-speed encryption with excellent security using some creative approaches.
Older encryption systems relied on long encryption keys (the longer the more secure) which took a very long time to encrypt and decrypt.
PGP, on the other hand, uses two different keys for each encryption, the public and the private key. The public key is shared with anybody you want to receive the encrypted messages from, and the private key is kept secret.
It is strongly recommended that you avoid storing your private key on any machine that has access to the internet or a flash drive.
The official PGP freeware can be downloaded from this link: http://www.pgpi.org/products/pgp/versions/freeware/
Bitcoin is considered to be the first digital currency and you will definitely need some of those if you are in the market for anything from the Deep Web. There are lots of goods out there in the Deep Web, both legal and illegal and they are all purchasable by bitcoins.
You can purchase bitcoins – the price of one is $240, or you can mine them. The latter basically means that you dedicate your hardware for calculating mathematical equations and you get rewarded for that. This process is slow however, and less profitable with years. So, the easiest solution is to purchase bitcoins.
The main advantage of bitcoins is that they are not traceable (like credit cards are); they are not owned by any banks, or any other institution or country. They are just the goods of all people of the internet. But, perhaps, the main disadvantage is its instable course; it greatly oscillates.
Tails or The Amnesic Incognito Live System is a Linux based operating system designed to provide anonymity, privacy and security. All of its connections are going through Tor network and direct connections are blocked.
Tails can be downloaded from the official website right here: https://tails.boum.org/download/index.en.html#first_time
You can start Tails on any computer using Live USB, Live SD card or Live DVD and it has its own digital signature, so if you want to use it, you must first have deeper understanding of PGP cryptography.
Just plug it in (or insert the DVD), restart your computer and from the BIOS settings choose the option to boot from USB/SD or DVD and your Tails will be up and running.
What is more important about Tails is that it doesn’t store ANYTHING on your hard drive, it only uses RAM for storing information and it is automatically erased as soon as the computer shuts down – hence the term amnestic.
Tails comes with its own set of applications, such as browser, instant messaging client, email client, etc. It relies on Tor network in protecting your anonymity online, so all of these apps are pre-configured to go through Tor out on the internet.
With Internet usage being increasingly monitored, it’s no wonder that people are looking for ways to protect their privacy on the internet. Using some or all of these tools will greatly increase your peace of mind while browsing the Deep Web.